Irish Slaves, Indentured Servants, and the Irish as the “Niggers of Europe”

“The character of an Irishman… He’s..a Valluable Slave in our Western Plantations, where they are distinguish’d by the Ignominious Epithet of White Negroes.” — E. Ward, London Spy, 1700

Only the most economically desperate people indentured themselves. The rest were sold by parents or captors or criminal courts. RACE — The Power of an Illusion notes:

…indentured servants, whether they are black or white, are pretty much treated the same way as slaves. Very badly. Bacon’s…